2013 Hilos Summer Institute

Cultural Seminars

Charles J. Aguilar, Musician

Of Bernalillo, NM, Charles has been the lead musician for Los Matachines de Bernalillo for the past fifty years at Las Fiestas de San Lorenzo. His role as group violinist includes providing the main tune for each of nine different lengthy melodies that comprise the dance – drama, "Los Matachines." Charles has teamed with local musicians for the past five decades, to provide the melodies for Los Matachines at numerous religious and secular events throughout New Mexico. He has traveled to Washington, D.C. on numerous occasions to perform with Los Matachines de Bernalillo and to play La Música De Los Viejitos. Locally, he has participated in Religious Feast Rituals in his neighboring communities, dedicated to the planting cycles of crops, beginning every spring on May 15, for El Día De San Isidro, the patron saint of farmers. Charles is known throughout his community as the rezador (prayer leader) at wake services and as procession leader at the Pueblos of Sandia and Santa Ana. He has served as past Mayor of Bernalillo for 12 years and most recently, Charles served as Probate Judge of Sandoval County.

Rosalía de Aragón, Educator

Many say they have heard the unforgettable, spine chilling cry of La Llorona, the Wailing Woman, as she wanders searching for her children. Many also can say that they have met her through actor/singer Rosalía de Aragón, who has portrayed La Llorona for ten years. Traveling throughout the state of New Mexico, she has performed at museums, fiestas, schools and other community events. She has taken the ghost to the Smithsonian Institution, where she was the featured performer for Hispanic Heritage Month through the Department of Latino Initiatives. Besides bringing to life the traditional Hispanic ghost tale of La Llorona, Rosalía also reminds the audience of the value of traditional folk dances, music and the use of stories in various cultures as an educational tool. Unlike a traditional play, she breaks the barrier between the actor and audience. Audience members are invited to volunteer to help bring the story to life. De Aragón is a graduate of the University of New Mexico with a Bachelor's degree in Journalism and Mass Communication. She began her acting studies in Musical Theatre at the College of Santa Fe and was accepted to attend the American Academy of Dramatic Arts in Hollywood where she completed a summer intensive acting program. Her experience in numerous theatrical productions, commercials and films also includes the role of Trementina Sister in the movie, Bless Mi Ultima. She also performed the role of River in the opera Time and Again Barelas with the New Mexico Symphony Orchestra at Popejoy Hall, University of New Mexico, and at the National Hispanic Cultural Center in Albuquerque. As a vocalist, she has also recorded a CD entitled Canto De La Llorona.

Billy Archuleta, Musician

Billy Archuleta, of Des Montes, NM, has been playing music and singing the popular folk songs of the area from an early age. He is a member of the Southwest Musicians and is Director of the church choir at Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe Parish in Taos. Billy most recently composed, arranged and recorded Primero Dios, a religious themed CD. Billy's pursuit of maintaining traditions also includes hosting Las Posadas annually in addition to his past membership in the Penitente Brotherhood as a member of the local Morada in Arroyo Seco, NM.

Benjamín Baca, Traditional Folk Artist

Benjamin Baca, born in Las Vegas, NM, was one of 11 children. His familia later moved to Santa Fé where he attended public school. After serving in the U.S. Military, Benjamín graduated from St. Michael's College in Santa Fé and later the U. of New Mexico where he received his graduate degree. As an educator and administrator in the Santa Fé Public Schools for over 25 years, Benjamín directed the Special Olympics in the region. He and his wife, Deluvine, have been active members of La Sociedad Colonial Española de Santa Fé – otherwise known as Los Coloniales. Their mission is focused on preserving Los Bailes Antiguos that were commonly danced throughout the region of Nueva España and later México. In 1948, Los Coloniales began reintroducing those dance traditions and to the present day, they have performed at fairs, festivals, public schools and countless other special occasions. Another of their milestones came with an invitation to perform abroad in Santa Fé de La Vega, Los Palacios and Madrid, Spain. In 2010, Benjamín Baca was recognized for his leadership role as President of Los Coloniales de Santa Fé during the past 15 years by being nominated and receiving "Premio Hilos Culturales – Traditional Folk Artist Award."

Charles M. Carrillo, Ph.D., Fine Artist

Charles M. Carrillo, Ph.D., of Santa Fé, NM is a graduate of the University of New Mexico, Albuquerque in Anthropology/Archealogy. A Santero Artist, he has studied and researched the carving tools and styles, pigment and varnish preparations, traditional iconography, and paint styles of the old Santero masters. He teaches and demonstrates traditional santo-making throughout the country. Charlie is a renowned wood carver and painter of retablos ( a painted devotional panel) and reredos (alter screens.) He is the author of Saints of the Pueblos, an exploration of the connections between Hispanic and Pueblo cultures, which is also a touring exhibit presently being shown at the Indian Cultural Center in Albuquerque. Charlie is the recipient of the "National Endowment of the Arts National Heritage Fellowship in Folk and Traditional Arts" and the "Lifetime Achievement Award" from the Spanish Colonial Arts Society of Santa Fé, New Mexico.

Debbie Trujillo Carrillo, Potter

Debbie Trujillo Carrillo, originally from Abiquiú, New Mexico. Having studied under Felipe Ortega, master potter of Hispanic and Jicarilla descent, Debbie is recognized as an accomplished potter of micaceous clay. Debbie, her husband Charlie, and children, exhibit annually at Spanish Market in Santa Fé, NM.

Antonio Esquibel, Ph.D., Educator

Antonio was born in Englewood, CO, one of twelve siblings, accompanying his parents during his formative years as they followed the crops through eastern Colorado and western Kansas. He later received degrees from Adams State College in Spanish and Latin, and Highlands University in Bilingual Education. He began his professional career as a teacher of Spanish and Latin at Englewood High School in the suburbs of Denver. He completed his post graduate studies in Higher Education Administration at the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque. He then taught in the Department of Health Administration at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center in Denver. He later served as Vice President of Student Affairs and Associate Vice President for Community Outreach at Metropolitan State College in Denver where he worked for 20 years. He is currently an Emeritus Professor at Metropolitan State College, Denver, CO. Antonio was the 2004 recipient of the "César Chávez Leadership Award" for his life-time contributions to the Denver Latino community, and received "Colorado's Hispanic Annual Salute Award," given to the Hispanic who has contributed most to Hispanics statewide. He has long had an interest in dichos and adivinanzas (proverbs and riddles), having written a monthly column for the ¿Que Pasa? Newsletter on dichos and adivinanzas. Antonio has just finished his third book, Hipolito: The Prodigal Son. His other publications are, Message to Aztlán; Selected Writings of Rodolfo "Corky" Gonzales and The Career Mobility of Chicanos in Higher Education. Antonio has recently completed a four year term as a member of the Board of Trustees for Metropolitan State College. He has served for two decades as the Chairman of the Board of Trustees of La Escuela Tlatelolco and as a Board Member of the Adams State College Alumni Association. Antonio is presently serving as Vice-President for Council #7 of the S.P.M.D.T.U., Denver Chapter.

Gregorio Gonzales, Dancer

Gregorio Gonzales (Genízaro), a member of the Genízaro community Los Comanches de la Serna of Ranchos de Taos, N.M., has been recently recognized as an Honorable Mention recipient for the prestigious 2013 Ford Foundation Predoctoral Fellowship. Recently graduating from the University of New Mexico with a Master's degree (with Distinction) in Latin American Studies, and earning a Bachelor of Arts degree (with Honors) in Government and Spanish from New Mexico State University in 2010, Greg has engaged academic and non-academic communities alike in recognizing and appreciating the unique cultural heritage, legacy, legitimacy and continued experience of Genízaro communities throughout northern New Mexico. Particularly, he has been at the forefront of studying how contemporary collective Genízaro identity interacts within the political, social, and cultural histories and landscapes of the Taos Valley, and in northern New Mexico. Currently, Greg is a doctoral student in Social Anthropology at The University of Texas at Austin, and the recipient of prestigious university fellowships from the College of Liberal Arts, the Center for Mexican American Studies, and Native American and Indigenous Studies.

Los Comanche de la Serna, Danzantes

Los Comanche de la Serna, a group of singers and dancers from Ranchos de Taos, New Mexico, are the descendents of Indian captives (genízaro people) of the Comanche who were traded to the Spanish ranchers who founded Ranchos de Taos in the early 18th century. The captives, many of them children, came from a variety of Indian tribes, and were brought up with Spanish surnames.

Despite growing up as captives and eventually learning to speak Spanish and generally adopting Spanish ways, the genízaro retained the Comanche language also remembering their dances and songs that had been handed down from their forefathers.

Today, Los Comanche de la Serna performs on New Year's Day, commemorated as Emanuel's Day, and St. Paul's Day, January 25. On these two days, from sunup to sundown, drummers, singers and dancers go from house to house in Talpa and Llano Quemado singing and dancing. They remember thirty-six songs and twelve dances from the "old days." Their oral tradition says their tribes also included Navajo, Utes and Apaches. The present leader of Los Comanche de La Serna is Francisco Gonzales, who is a descendent of both the genízaro people and the early settlers of Ranchos de Taos.

Huberto J. Maestas, Sculptor

"Master in Our Mist", featured article in Elan Magazine, tells of Colorado sculptor Huberto Maestas committed to artistic expression, "a man restless in search for appropriate forms, yet never allows that search to obscure the delight he takes in creating them."

Addressing his art to the realm of human experience, his sculptural figures are imbued with drama. This is most evident as experienced in walking the Stations of the Cross Shrine in San Luis, CO. Creations of the artist, these 32 figures that are both 2/3 size and life-size reveal there is nothing passive about his work.

Diversified in his art albeit sculpting the human form, wildlife or inanimate objects, Maestas couples his artistic vision with technical skill operating his own bronze casting foundry. After studying architecture he received his formal art education at Adams State College with a B.A. in Sculpture and Design.

In 1991 and 1995, Maestas was awarded the rare honor of a private audience with Pope John Paul II. Commissioned works of art included fifteen Stations of the Cross maquettes for a meditation garden on the grounds of the Vatican Museum permanent collection, and an altar cross with adoration challis for the Pope's private collection and San Andrea Della Valle Basilica in Rome, Italy.

Maestas' work is in many public and private collections ranging from Denver Bronco John Lynch, Coach Dan Reeves, Cher, Adolph Coors Foundation, US West Foundation, former Colorado Governor Roy Romer, and Appellate Court Judges of the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals, Archbishop Charles Chaput, and Cardinal J. Francis Stafford, among others.

His numerous commissions include a 28' Resurrection in Lakeway, TX, 3'x 5' base-relief Stations of the Cross in Dodge City, KS, Lady of Guadalupe in Covington, KY, bronze sculpture and liturgical works of art for various churches throughout the country, life-size bronze Indian Maidens water fountain for the Kessler Collection, and a New Mexico Arts commission of a 9' Padre Antonio Martinez for the Taos Plaza, Taos, NM.

Awards and publications comprise the Fra Angelico Artist Award, Best of Show Manitou Springs Outdoor Sculpture, and Loveland Sculpture in the Park, Lou Willie Award for Excellence in Sculpture, Colorado Arts Co-Visions Award, National Sculpture Society fellow, with features in Tradicion Revista, the New York Times, Washington Post, Modern Masters HGN-TV, The Early Show, The Today Show, Columbia magazine, and Lutheran magazine.

Larry Torres, Educator

Larry Torres, a native of Arroyo Seco, NM, has been a teacher of Spanish, Russian, French, English, Latin, Linguistics, Bilingual Education and Southwest Studies. A noted New Mexico educator, Larry, after receiving many local, regional and state honors, came to national prominence in 1992 when he was awarded "National Outstanding Foreign Language Teacher of the Year" at the Annual Disney Salutes The American Teacher Awards program in Los Angeles, CA. He is currently Associate Professor of Foreign Languages and Cultures at the University of New Mexico in Taos. He has written extensively and authored Las Posadas; Los Moros y Los Cristianos; Las Cuatro Apariciones de Guadalupe, and Los Matachines Desenmascarados. Larry has been an actor with the New Mexico Endowment for the Humanities' Chautauqua Program, successfully completed many years of impersonating Jean-Baptiste Lamy, first Archbishop of Santa Fé; the persona of conquistador, Don Francisco Vásquez de Coronado and of Civil Rights activist Reyes López Tijerina. Larry has been inducted into Kappa Delta Pi International Honor Society for Excellence in Teaching and also received the "Excellence in Teaching Award" sponsored by the Southwest Coalition of Language Teachers; the "National Educator Award" sponsored by the Milken Family Foundation and is the recipient of the "Camino Real Award" as one of 15.

Lisa Trujillo, Master Weaver

Lisa was born in San Diego, California. She attended schools in Los Angeles and Beverly Hills, California and Los Alamos, New Mexico. One week after graduating from the University of New Mexico with a degree in marketing, Lisa Rockwood married Irvin Trujillo and started her weaving career. Although Lisa had always been artistically inclined, she had never woven before meeting Irvin. She proved an apt pupil. She started by weaving small pieces and early on began challenging herself with more and more complex designs. She began dying yarn with natural dyes when she started weaving, and started spinning a couple of years later. As she continued to weave more complex pieces she would try weaving finer and larger pieces in the Saltillo style, using her own handspun and natural dyed yarns. Each of
these projects took about a year to complete. Her other weavings allow her to pursue other ideas, and to work in other traditional styles.

Lisa's designs are generally within the guidelines of traditional Rio Grande weaving. While she has great respect for the Rio Grande Spanish tradition, she was not born into the culture and tradition. Therefore, she brings her own non-Hispanic background to her weaving. Since it is impossible to keep from expressing herself in her weaving, the results keep changing as time passes.

Lisa's two children, her efforts at running Centinela, as well as volunteer commitments, limit her time at the loom. She considers it precious time, and healing too.

Irvin Trujillo, Master Weaver

Irvin is a seventh generation weaver and the son of Chimayó weaving master Jacobo Ortega Trujillo. He began learning traditional Río Grande and Chimayó weaving styles from his father at the age of ten. Irvin is both an innovator and master of the New Mexican weaving tradition. In 1980, he and his wife Lisa, along with his father Jacobo, founded the Centinela Traditional Arts Studio to advance the tradition in their northern New Mexico community. Today the studio has a paid apprentice program where Irvin teaches his art to the next generations.

Together, Irvin and Lisa are known for their rendition of classical weavings as well as contemporary desighs. They use traditional hand-spun and naturally dyed wool; Irvin combines wool with silk, Lisa designs complex pieces expressing herself in her weaving, pursuing creative ideas and exploring work in other traditional styles.

Irvin has designed and built his own looms. He received the 2005 Masters Award in Santa Fe, New Mexico, from the Spanish Colonial Arts Society. In 2007, he was the recipient of the National Heritage Fellowship in Folk and Traditional Arts from the National Endowment for the Arts. Irvin continues to pave the way for weaving into the 21st century. He and Lisa are both graduates of the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque.

Lorenzo Trujillo, Ed.D., J.D., Musician

A graduate of the University of Colorado, Boulder; San Francisco State University and the University of Colorado School of Law. Lorenzo is the director of the Southwest Musicians. He is a violinist, guitarist, and vocalist, including contributions as an ethnic dancer, folklorist, arts administrator and culture bearer for approximately four decades. A folk musician, he has received the Colorado "Governor's Award for Excellence in the Arts," and is a recipient of the "Premio Hilos Culturales - Traditional Folk Artist Award." Lorenzo was a founder of the Chicano Music Hall of Fame and has served on the National Endowment for the Arts as a panelist, presenter, and evaluator. He was named "Colorado Folk Artist and Master Teacher" by the Colorado Council on the Arts through the Master/Apprentice Program. His numerous recordings include Musical Traditions of Colorado and New Mexico with the Southwest Musicians and A Musical Banquet: From Santa Fé to Denver, among others. Lorenzo is a retired Professor and Assistant Dean at the University of Colorado Law School. His most recent publication is: Music of Colorado and New Mexico's Río Grande, published in Enduring Legacies: Ethnic Histories and Cultures of Colorado, University of Colorado Press, 2011. Dr. Trujillo has recently produced the recording; The Golden Age of the Southwest: From 1840 to Hollywood.

Arnold Valdez, Architect

Principle of Valdez & Associates, San Luis, Colorado, obtained an MArch at the University of New Mexico in 1992, receiving the John Gaw Meem Award for his thesis on Hispano vernacular architecture. In 1999-2000 Valdez was the recipient of Loeb Fellowship of Advanced Environmental Studies at Harvard University Graduate School of Design. In 2008 Valdez was recognized as a George Pearl Fellow for his work and participation in the Historic Preservation and Regionalism Graduate Certificate Program.

Currently, Valdez is an Adjunct Associate Professor at the University of New Mexico School of Architecture and Planning where he teaches a seminar in alternative materials and methods of construction, cultural landscape planning and Preservation Technologies and Adaptive Reuse. He also taught courses on recording historic resources on Route 66- HABS Measured Drawings and acequia documentation. The courses collaborated with the National Park Service, Santa Fe County and the Graduate Certificate Program in Historic Preservation at UNM.

Cipriano F. Vigil, Ph.D., Ethnomusicologist

Cipriano F. Vigil, Ph.D., a graduate of New Mexico Highlands University in Las Vegas. His post graduate work is from El Centro Nigromante, Mexico, D.F., and Kennedy-Western University, CA, in Ethnomusicology. He has performed at the Smithsonian Folk Life Festival in Washington, D.C. and has recorded and transcribed Regional Folk Music since the 1960's. He has researched and performed the ritual and traditional music of New Mexico that dates back to the early 17th century. Cipriano has also developed a repertoire folk-based style, La Nueva Canción Nuevomejicana, as demonstrated in his recording, Los Folkloristas de Nuevo México. He is the recipient of the "New Mexico Endowment for the Humanities Life Time Achievement Award," the "New Mexico Hispanic Folk Music Award," and the New Mexico "Governor's Award for Achievement and Excellence in Traditional Folk Music." He is also a recipient of "Premio Hilos Culturales - Traditional Folk Artist Award." He has performed with his son and daughter, (Cipriano Jr. and Felícita) La Familia Vigil, for over 20 years throughout the region and together they have produced numerous recordings. Cipriano is Professor Emeritus at Northern New Mexico Community College in Española, NM and continues to work with elementary school children in the public schools on musical instrumentation and the cultural art traditions of our ancestors. He recently completed Estudio Del Folclor Nuevo Mejicano, a cultural survey of ritual music and written verse styles which capsulize the treasury of Hispano heritage of the Upper Río Grande region. It is scheduled for publication through the University of New Mexico Press to coincide with the observance of New Mexico's Centennial in 2012.