Hilos Summer Institute

Cultural Seminars

Michelle Hernández Abeyta began her musical career as a singer at the age of fourteen in Pueblo, CO and has been highly sought after at numerous community events and celebrations. At age 17, she represented the Latino community as Colorado State Fair Fiesta Queen. She traveled to Puebla, Mexico in 1982 as Ambassador of Pueblo, CO representing her community to their sister city, Puebla. Michelle has been a professional soloist in the Diocese of Colorado Springs for the past 22 years. Additionally, she is well known throughout Colorado and New Mexico for her contributions in preserving the folk music of the region. She excels in the mastery in various styles of music, such as Mariachi, Classical, Sacred and Country. Her work as a folk artist is recorded in the Smithsonian Archives and she has received various awards and recognitions. Michelle was nominated in 2008 by the National Endowment for the Arts National Treasure Award. Her greatest honor was to sing for Pope John Paul II at World Youth Day in 1993 in Denver. Michelle continues to entertain audiences in Spanish and in English throughout the United States. She has produced two significant culturally inspired recordings during her career; Palomita Mensajera and …Con Sabor A Latino America. She was recently recognized in Enduring Legacies, An Anthology of Ethnic Histories and Cultures of Colorado "Ay Que Lindo Es Colorado: Chicana Musical Performance From the Colorado Borderlands." University Press of Colorado, 2011. In 2010, Michelle was the recipient of the "Premio Hilos Culturales - Traditional Folk Artist Award."

Charles Aguilar, of Bernalillo, NM has been the lead musician for Los Matachines de Bernalillo for the past fifty years at Las Fiestas de San Lorenzo. His role as group violinist includes providing the main tune for each of nine different lengthy melodies that comprise the dance – drama, "Los Matachines." Charles has teamed with local musicians for the past five decades, to provide the melodies for Los Matachines at numerous religious and secular events throughout New Mexico. He has traveled to Washington, D.C. on numerous occasions to perform with Los Matachines de Bernalillo and to play La Música De Los Viejitos. Locally, he has participated in Religious Feast Rituals in his neighboring communities, dedicated to the planting cycles of crops, beginning every spring on May 15, for El Día De San Isidro, the patron saint of farmers. Charles is known throughout his community as the rezador (prayer leader) at wake services and as procession leader at the Pueblos of Sandia and Santa Ana. He has served as past Mayor of Bernalillo for 12 years and most recently, Charles served as Probate Judge of Sandoval County.

Billy Archuleta, of Des Montes, NM, has been playing music and singing the popular folk songs of the area from an early age. He is a member of the Southwest Musicians and is Director of the church choir at Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe Parish in Taos. Billy most recently composed, arranged and recorded Primero Dios, a religious themed CD. Billy's pursuit of maintaining traditions also includes hosting Las Posadas annually in addition to his past membership in the Penitente Brotherhood as a member of the local Morada in Arroyo Seco, NM.

Benjamín Baca, born in Las Vegas, NM, was one of 11 children. His familia later moved to Santa Fé where he attended public school. After serving in the U.S. Military, Benjamín graduated from St. Michael's College in Santa Fé and later the U. of New Mexico where he received his graduate degree. As an educator and administrator in the Santa Fé Public Schools for over 25 years, Benjamín directed the Special Olympics in the region. He and his wife, Deluvine, have been active members of La Sociedad Colonial Española de Santa Fé – otherwise known as Los Coloniales. Their mission is focused on preserving Los Bailes Antiguos that were commonly danced throughout the region of Nueva España and later México. In 1948, Los Coloniales began reintroducing those dance traditions and to the present day, they have performed at fairs, festivals, public schools and countless other special occasions. Another of their milestones came with an invitation to perform abroad in Santa Fé de La Vega, Los Palacios and Madrid, Spain. In 2010, Benjamín Baca was recognized for his leadership role as President of Los Coloniales de Santa Fé during the past 15 years by being nominated and receiving "Premio Hilos Culturales – Traditional Folk Artist Award."

Charles M. Carrillo, Ph.D., of Santa Fé, NM is a graduate of the University of New Mexico, Albuquerque in Anthropology/Archealogy. A Santero Artist, he has studied and researched the carving tools and styles, pigment and varnish preparations, traditional iconography, and paint styles of the old Santero masters. He teaches and demonstrates traditional santo-making throughout the country. Charlie is a renowned wood carver and painter of retablos ( a painted devotional panel) and reredos (alter screens.) He is the author of Saints of the Pueblos, an exploration of the connections between Hispanic and Pueblo cultures, which is also a touring exhibit presently being shown at the Indian Cultural Center in Albuquerque. Charlie is the recipient of the "National Endowment of the Arts National Heritage Fellowship in Folk and Traditional Arts" and the "Lifetime Achievement Award" from the Spanish Colonial Arts Society of Santa Fé, New Mexico.

Debbie Trujillo Carrillo, originally from Abiquiú, New Mexico. Having studied under Felipe Ortega, master potter of Hispanic and Jicarilla descent, Debbie is recognized as an accomplished potter of micaceous clay. Debbie, her husband Charlie, and children, exhibit annually at Spanish Market in Santa Fé, NM.

Antonio Esquibel, Ph.D., Antonio was born in Lamar, CO, one of twelve siblings, accompanying his parents during his formative years as they followed the crops through eastern Colorado and western Kansas. He later received degrees from Adams State College in Spanish and Latin, and Highlands University in Bilingual Education. He began his professional career as a teacher of Spanish and Latin at Englewood High School in the suburbs of Denver. He completed his post graduate studies in Higher Education Administration at the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque. He then taught in the Department of Health Administration at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center in Denver. He later served as Vice President of Student Affairs and Associate Vice President for Community Outreach at Metropolitan State College in Denver where he worked for 20 years. He is currently an Emeritus Professor at Metropolitan State College, Denver, CO. Antonio was the 2004 recipient of the "César Chávez Leadership Award" for his life-time contributions to the Denver Latino community, and received "Colorado's Hispanic Annual Salute Award," given to the Hispanic who has contributed most to Hispanics statewide. He has long had an interest in dichos and adivinanzas (proverbs and riddles), having written a monthly column for the ¿Que Pasa? Newsletter on dichos and adivinanzas. Antonio has just finished his third book, Hipolito: The Prodigal Son. His other publications are, Message to Aztlán; Selected Writings of Rodolfo "Corky" Gonzales and The Career Mobility of Chicanos in Higher Education. Antonio has recently completed a four year term as a member of the Board of Trustees for Metropolitan State College. He has served for two decades as the Chairman of the Board of Trustees of La Escuela Tlatelolco and as a Board Member of the Adams State College Alumni Association.

Gregorio Gonzales, a member of the Genízaro community Los Comanches de la Serna of Ranchos de Taos, N.M., has been recognized as a 2009 National Finalist for the Harry S. Truman Scholarship in Leadership and Public Service and as the 2010 Outstanding Senior for the College of Arts and Sciences at New Mexico State University, where he graduated with a B.A. (with honors) in Government and Spanish in 2010. As a co-facilitator for the highly successful symposium entitled "Los Comanches de Los Ranchos de Taos: An Hispanicized Native American Cultural Tradition" held at Tortugas Pueblo, N.M., a panelist/performer of the panel discussion entitled "The Genízaro Experience: A Living Legacy" held at the Pueblo de Abiquiú, N.M., and a current advisor for Cynthia Gómez' upcoming documentary entitled "Without a Tribe: The Genízaro Legacy," Greg has engaged academic and non-academic communities in recognizing and appreciating his community's unique cultural heritage, legacy, legitimacy and continued experience. Currently, Greg is a graduate student in Latin American Studies at the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque, N.M. where he continues to pursue the nexus between cultural activism and community advocacy, particularly linking these concepts to Genízaro communities.

Enrique Lamadrid, Ph.D., Enrique teaches folklore, literature and cultural history at the University of New Mexico's Department of Spanish and Portuguese, which he chairs. He is a graduate of the University of Southern California, Los Angeles. Author of Tesoros del Espiritu: A Portrait in Sound of Hispanic New Mexico; Los Comanches – Text, Performances and Transculturation in an Eighteenth-Century New Mexican Folk Drama; Angeles, Pastores y Comanches Cantan al Resplendor/Angels, Shepherds and Comanches Sing to the Light. His literary writings explore the borderlands between cultures, their natural environments, popular traditions and literary expressions. Enrique is also an acequia activist. He and his students are preparing documentation for a UNESCO nomination for the Acequia Cultures and Systems of New Mexico and Northern Mexico for world heritage designation in the category of intangible cultural heritage. Enrique has also created a historical character performance for the New Mexico and Colorado Endowment of the Humanities: Rafael Chacón, a nineteenth century New Mexican and military commander, who is considered to be the most resonant Hispano voice of the nineteenth century and is recognized as one of the founding fathers of Trinidad,CO.

Lorenzo Martínez, son of Roberto Martínez, Lorenzo is highly recognized for excellence as a violinist of Spanish Colonial musical style and enjoys a well-deserved reputation as a traditional Hispanic violinist.. Since the age of 6, he began playing in public with his father's group, Los Reyes De Albuquerque. As a teen, he toured with Antonio Aguilar's International Mexican Rodeo as a member of Mariachi San Miguel. Lorenzo was also a member of El Mariachi Los Tecolotes, directed by the renowned José "Pepe" Martínez. Lorenzo is highly recognized for his excellence as a violinist, as well as his vocal talents and acclaimed compositional abilities. He has numerous valuable recordings of acoustical music that capture the social breadth of period music of the 19th and 20th centuries in New Mexico; combining musicianship including vocal and musical arrangements. His leading role in re-invigorating la música de los bailes has been significant. His first album, El Redondo Largo, was enormously successful in spreading knowledge of this music. He has additional recordings that focus on los bailes that include: Ambos, Tradición y Cultura and Lo Mejor De Lorenzo Martínez y Sus Violines . Lorenzo has been awarded numerous local and national awards and has toured throughout the nation and abroad at folk festivals and concerts, sharing his multifaceted musical talents. He is a recipient of "Premio Hilos Culturales - Traditional Folk Artist Award."

Maclovio C. Martínez, a native of San Acacio, CO, Maclovio served in the U.S. Department of State – Foreign Service – in India, Pakistan and South America. He later returned home and received his BA and MA from Adams State College in Business Administration. He is author of the book, The Penitente in Fantasy and Fact, based on his interest in telling the true story of the Old and New World Penitente Brotherhood. Maclovio traces a multi-generational membership of penitentes in his family's history in San Acacio. He is currently an active member of the Arroyo Seco Morada in NM. In addition, he has served as President and Curator of the San Luis Museum and Cultural Center for the past 20 years. Maclovio was a co-founder of La Sierra Foundation and is the founder and Publisher of La Sierra, a weekly newspaper founded in the 1980s.

Robert Martínez plays guitar and sings traditional Hispanic music with his brother Lorenzo and father Roberto. Growing up in a musical family, he has been a valuable contributing member of the highly recognized musical ensemble, Los Reyes De Albuquerque. Through the years, Robert has performed at the Smithsonian Institution's Folk Life Festival in Washington DC, the Kennedy Center, as well as locally at the New Mexico State Fair, the Albuquerque Folk Festival and Globalquerque, a world music festival. Robert is also a research historian who has worked in Spain, Italy, France and Mexico, researching New Mexico's Spanish Colonial past. Robert presently teaches world history at Rio Rancho High School in New Mexico.

Roberto Martínez, Founder of Los Reyes de Albuquerque in 1962. Los Reyes de Albuquerque have been recognized as one of the most influential of New Mexico's Hispanic musical ensembles; active in the musical life of the state, they have displayed a wide repertoire and stylistic range. Roberto founded M.O.R.E. Records (Minority Owned Recording Enterprises) which proved to better posture Los Reyes as they embarked on a very successful and long-lived Mexican Hispanic folk music tradition. He also began composing corridos on contemporary topics during the 1960's. Roberto was invited to perform at the Smithsonian's Traditional Folk Life Festival on several occasions with his family, La Familia Martínez. He is also the recipient of the "Governor's Award in the Arts" in New Mexico. Roberto has toured the United States with his son Lorenzo on four National Endowment of the Arts' Raíces Musicales Tours. Roberto was nationally recognized by Time Magazine as a leader of the onda nueva (new wave) of Hispanic music in the 1960's and 1970's. Roberto and his son, Lorenzo are dual recipients of the "National Endowment of the Arts National Heritage Fellows of New Mexico in Folk and Traditional Arts" and of the "Premio Hilos Culturales - Traditional Folk Artist Award." His contributions to the music of the region span over fifty years, all are indexed at the Smithsonian's Folkway Recordings Library, and he proudly boasts an active musical family of three generations.

Mary Montaño, instructor and lecturer at the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque. She is author of Tradiciones Nuevomexicanas, University of New Mexico Press, 2001. Mary's research provides an overview of the folk arts of New Mexico from the sixteenth century to the present. As a native of the San Luis Valley, Mary's ancestors contributed to the building of the Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe Church in Conejos in the 1850s. She has earned two degrees, B.M. and M.M. in music at the University of New Mexico, Albuquerque. Her artistic background includes co-founder and Managing Director of Viva Zarzuela, an operetta featuring a four hundred year old musical tradition from Madrid, Spain. As a professional grant writer and administrator, Mary focuses her experience on broadening the potential of arts education and workforce development and finds the time to contribute to the arts community as a journalist, publicist and presenter. Mary has written extensively on the arts and culture of New Mexico for Hispanic, Impact, New Mexico and El Palacio magazines, as well as the Albuquerque Journal and Albuquerque Tribune.

Joseph P. Sánchez, Ph.D., is superintendent of Petroglyph National Momunent and the Spanish Colonial Research Center at the University of New Mexico. He is also founder and editor of the Colonial Latin American Historical Review (CLAHR). Dr. Sánchez was a professor of Colonial Latin American History at the University of Arizona, Tucson, as well as the University of New Mexico, Santa Ana College in Southern California and at the Universidad Autónoma de Guadalajara in Mexico. Additionally, he has taught seminars in history at the Universidad de Sevilla, and the Universidad Internacional de La Rábida in Spain. Throughout his career, Dr. Sánchez has researched archives in Spain, Mexico, France, Italy and England, and has published several studies on the Spanish frontiers in California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas and Alaska. He has been internationally recognized for his lifelong work in Colonial Mexican History. In April 2005, he was inducted into the prestigious knighthood order of the Orden de Isabel la Católica by King Don Juan Carlos of Spain. In 2006 he was appointed to the History Commission of the Instituto Panamericano de Geografia e Historia that is headquartered in Mexico City and affiliated with the Organization of American States in Washington, D.C. Recently, in 2011, the Secretary of the Interior and the Director of the National Park Service named Dr. Sánchez to serve as chair of the American Latino Heritage Theme Analyses Task Force to review how Latino themes can be better integrated into the narration of our national story. Dr. Sánchez has published several books, including:

All Trails Lead to Santa Fé: An Anthology Commemorating the 400th Anniversary Founding of Santa Fé, New Mexico in 1610, Sunstone Press, Santa Fé; The Aztec Chronicles: The True History of Christopher Columbus by Quilaztli of Texcoco; and

Between Two Rivers: The Atrisco Land Grant in Albuquerque History, 1692 – 1968, University of Oklahoma Press, 2008.

Larry Torres, a native of Arroyo Seco, NM, has been a teacher of Spanish, Russian, French, English, Latin, Linguistics, Bilingual Education and Southwest Studies. A noted New Mexico educator, Larry, after receiving many local, regional and state honors, came to national prominence in 1992 when he was awarded "National Outstanding Foreign Language Teacher of the Year" at the Annual Disney Salutes The American Teacher Awards program in Los Angeles, CA. He is currently Associate Professor of Foreign Languages and Cultures at the University of New Mexico in Taos. He has written extensively and authored Las Posadas; Los Moros y Los Cristianos; Las Cuatro Apariciones de Guadalupe, and Los Matachines Desenmascarados. Larry has been an actor with the New Mexico Endowment for the Humanities' Chautauqua Program, successfully completed many years of impersonating Jean-Baptiste Lamy, first Archbishop of Santa Fé; the persona of conquistador, Don Francisco Vásquez de Coronado and of Civil Rights activist Reyes López Tijerina. Larry has been inducted into Kappa Delta Pi International Honor Society for Excellence in Teaching and also received the "Excellence in Teaching Award" sponsored by the Southwest Coalition of Language Teachers; the "National Educator Award" sponsored by the Milken Family Foundation and is the recipient of the "Camino Real Award" as one of 15 Outstanding New Mexicans.

Lorenzo Trujillo, Ed.D., J.D., A graduate of the University of Colorado, Boulder; San Francisco State University and the University of Colorado School of Law. Lorenzo is the director of the Southwest Musicians. He is a violinist, guitarist, and vocalist, including contributions as an ethnic dancer, folklorist, arts administrator and culture bearer for approximately four decades. A folk musician, he has received the Colorado "Governor's Award for Excellence in the Arts," and is a recipient of the "Premio Hilos Culturales - Traditional Folk Artist Award." Lorenzo was a founder of the Chicano Music Hall of Fame and has served on the National Endowment for the Arts as a panelist, presenter, and evaluator. He was named "Colorado Folk Artist and Master Teacher" by the Colorado Council on the Arts through the Master/Apprentice Program. His numerous recordings include Musical Traditions of Colorado and New Mexico with the Southwest Musicians and A Musical Banquet: From Santa Fé to Denver, a new release of traditional music with EJ Rodriguez. Lorenzo is a recently retired Professor and Assistant Dean at the University of Colorado Law School and is currently a practicing attorney with the Denver Law Firm of Sherman and Howard, LLC. His most recent publication is: Music of Colorado and New Mexico's Río Grande, published in Enduring Legacies: Ethnic Histories and Cultures of Colorado, University of Colorado Press, 2011. Dr. Trujillo has recently produced the recording; The Golden Age of the Southwest: From 1840 to Hollywood.

Angel Vigil, a graduate of the University of Kansas, at Lawrence. He is Chairman of the Fine and Performing Arts Department and Director of Drama at Colorado Academy in Denver, CO. He is an award winning author, performer, stage director and educator. As an arts administrator, he has developed many innovative educational arts programs for schools and art centers. Angel is the author of six books on Latino and Western culture. His book The Corn Woman: Stories and Legends from the Hispanic Southwest, was awarded the prestigious "New York Public Library Book for the Teen Age National Award." His book, Una Linda Raza: Cultural and Artistic Traditions of the Hispanic Southwest, won the "Border Regional Library Association Southwestern Book of the Year Award" and the "Colorado Book of the Year Special Recognition Award." His other books are ¡Teatro! : Hispanic Plays for Young People, and The Eagle on the Cactus: Traditional Stories from Mexico. Angel's fifth book is Riding Tall in the Saddle: The Cowboy Fact Book. Angel is also the author of a Hispanic children's book Papi, How Many Stars Are In The Sky? His awards include the "Governor's Award for Excellence in Education;" "Heritage Artist Award;" "Master Artist Award" and "COVisions Recognition Fellowship" from the Colorado Council on the Arts. Angel is also the recipient of the "Mayor's Individual Artist Fellowship" and the "Theatre Educator of the Year Award" from the Colorado State Theatre Association. As an accomplished storyteller, Angel specializes in the traditional stories of the Hispanic Southwest and Mexico. He has performed at national storytelling festivals throughout the United States. He is featured storyteller on Do Not Pass Me By: A Celebration of Colorado Folklife, a folk art collection produced by the Colorado Council on the Arts. He has also created a historical character performance for the Colorado Endowment of the Humanities: Diego Martín, El Vaquero, Stories of America's First Cowboy.

Cipriano F. Vigil, Ph.D., a graduate of New Mexico Highlands University in Las Vegas. His post graduate work is from El Centro Nigromante, Mexico, D.F., and Kennedy-Western University, CA, in Ethnomusicology. He has performed at the Smithsonian Folk Life Festival in Washington, D.C. and has recorded and transcribed Regional Folk Music since the 1960's. He has researched and performed the ritual and traditional music of New Mexico that dates back to the early 17th century. Cipriano has also developed a repertoire folk-based style, La Nueva Canción Nuevomejicana, as demonstrated in his recording, Los Folkloristas de Nuevo México. He is the recipient of the "New Mexico Endowment for the Humanities Life Time Achievement Award," the "New Mexico Hispanic Folk Music Award," and the New Mexico "Governor's Award for Achievement and Excellence in Traditional Folk Music." He is also a recipient of "Premio Hilos Culturales - Traditional Folk Artist Award." He has performed with his son and daughter, (Cipriano Jr. and Felícita) La Familia Vigil, for over 20 years throughout the region and together they have produced numerous recordings. Cipriano is Professor Emeritus at Northern New Mexico Community College in Española, NM and continues to work with elementary school children in the public schools on musical instrumentation and the cultural art traditions of our ancestors. He recently completed Estudio Del Folclor Nuevo Mejicano, a cultural survey of ritual music and written verse styles which capsulize the treasury of Hispano heritage of the Upper Río Grande region. It is scheduled for publication through the University of New Mexico Press to coincide with the observance of New Mexico's Centennial in 2012.